In this first lesson you get to know about the possibilities and to set up webpack.
Automating your build process is one of the least things that you would personally dive into. Since you arleady know how to develop websites and you do fine, how could you do better? Also, these tools all look so complicated to set up. You are afraid of wasting your time.
Yes, learning about automating manual labor is boring but exciting once you have control over anything you did manually previously. No more fiddling around with prefixes, etc.
#What you can do with build tools
- Preprocessing (Less, Sass, Stylus, etc)
- IE fallbacks
- Concatenate - usually preprocessors already do that for you
- Purify - sort out selectors that are not needed
- Vendor Prefixes
- Preprocess (Coffeescript, Typescript, etc)
- Fallbacks (Use ES6 in source and ES5 online)
- Concatenate all files into one
require()statements instead of manually loading dependencies via
- Creating sprites
- Inlineloading (base64) for performance of small images
- Automatically reload the website everytime you change your code
- Synchronize UI scrolls, interactions with every device on the same adress
- Create a distributable package once you are done
These are only a few examples. There are so many plugins to automate about every framework specific task or turn into various formats. Like loading riotjs tags. What is even better about these tools is, that you can opt in or out however you want to. If you just want to autoreload your website or just use preprocessors is up to you.
#So, how can we get started quickly?
Lets start with a very common recipe: We have a website for a client using a css preprocessor with vendor prefixes and ES6 to ES5 transpiling. For a typical frontend job, this is already worth
If you don't know how to use NPM, please have a look on this introduction. For a new project, you need
npm init to run first.
#Install your devDependencies
-D (short form for
--save-dev) you add the module to your package.json file. So anytime later, if you want to upload your source to github or dropbox or anything else, you only have to do
npm i to install all modules listet in your package.json. This can save you a lot of upstream.
npm i -D webpack webpack-dev-server npm i -D less-loader less style-loader css-loader npm i -D postcss autoprefixer